In this day and age, where almost everything is connected to the World Wide Web, the demands on networking (in general) are mushrooming. In the developed world it’s common to be able to get 20 megabits per second connections on our mobile devices and 50 megabits per second connections at home. By extension, the demands on enterprise data centers are even higher (by at least three to four orders of magnitude) – as these central “hubs” are where traffic from the aforementioned individual end nodes converge. Consider the act of flipping through a series of cloud-hosted HD photos on a mobile device – this can easily result in billions of packets being transferred (in fractions of a second).
The good news is that our networking interfaces are getting “bigger and faster.” 40 gigabit per second Ethernet is currently being deployed, and work to finalize on 100 gigbit per second end point interfaces is currently underway.