Architecting Containers Part 3: How the User Space Affects Your Application

In Architecting Containers Part 1 we explored the difference between the user space and kernel space.  In Architecting Containers Part 2 we explored why the user space matters to developers, administrators, and architects. In today’s post we will highlight a handful of important ways the choice of the user space can affect application deployment and maintenance.

While there are many ways for a given container architecture to affect and/or influence your application, the user space provides tooling that is often overlooked, namely

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Architecting Containers Part 2: Why the User Space Matters

In Architecting Containers Part 1 we explored the difference between user space and kernel space. In this post, we will continue by exploring why the user space matters to developers, administrators, and architects. From a functional perspective, we will explore the connection that both ISV applications and in-house application development have to the user space.

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What is Deep Container Inspection (DCI) and Why is it Important?

The format of container images is at the center of industry attention because it is so important to the adoption of containers.  With the advent of the Open Container Initiative (OCI), it seems appropriate to compare container images to network protocols.  Before TCP/IP became the defacto standard network protocol stack, each vendor was left to devise their own.  Some leveraged IPX/SPX, while others standardized on AppleTalk.  This made it difficult to create robust tooling.  Much like network protocols, standardizing the bit level format of a container image, allows the industry to focus on higher level business problems, and more importantly, their respective solutions.

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Architecting Containers Part 1: Why Understanding User Space vs. Kernel Space Matters

Perhaps you’ve been charged with developing a container-based application infrastructure?  If so, you most likely understand the value that containers can provide to your developers, architects, and operations team. In fact, you’ve likely been reading up on containers and are excited about exploring the technology in more detail. However, before diving head-first into a discussion about the architecture and deployment of containers in a production environment, there are three important things that developers, architects, and systems administrators, need to know

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What’s Next for Containers? User Namespaces

What are user namespaces? Sticking with the apartment complex analogy, the numbering of users and groups have historically been the same in every container and in the underlying host, just like public channel 10 is generally the same in every unit in an apartment building.

But, imagine that people in different apartments are getting their television signal from different cable and satellite companies. Channel 10 is now different for for each person. It might be sports for one person, and news for another.

Historically, in the Linux kernel, there was a single data structure which held users and groups. Starting in kernel version 3.8

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